Disabilities Described – Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury


Students who have had a traumatic injury to the brain caused by external physical force resulting in a functional disability and/or psychosocial impairment in one or more areas such as cognition, language, memory, attention, reasoning, abstract thinking, judgment, problem solving, sensory, perceptual and motor abilities, psychosocial behavior, physical functions, information processing, or speech may have a traumatic brain injury.  This does not include congenital, degenerative or induced by birth trauma.  An educational evaluation will include assessment of cognitive ability, academic achievement, functional skills, social and developmental history, medical information and any other assessments necessary to determine eligibility or services.  Programming may include academic remediation, socialization, communication, motor skills, self help skills, daily living skills, prevocational skills and recreation and leisure activities.   Students may focus on improving health and self awareness, controlling emotions and appropriately interacting to others and managing sensory needs in the school environment or in the community.  School health care plans and services are determined on an individual basis with collaboration between school nurse, parent and student’s medical care provider.  School nurse provides medical training on student’s medical condition, medical procedures and emergency plans to school staff and bus drivers.   Services may include consultation to the general education classroom, direct services from resource or self contained room and/or educational counseling.   Behavioral supports, related services, accommodation and modifications may be provided to support the student’s needs as determined appropriate in the IEP.