Disabilities Described – Specific Learning Disability

Specific Learning Disability


Students who have significant difficulties in spoken or written language which affects the student’s educational performance in areas of reading, written expression, math oral expression, and/or listening comprehension may have a specific learning disability.   These areas of difficulties need to be evident through lack of progress to meet age or state approved grade level standards while receiving research based interventions or using a pattern of strengths and weakness in performance or achievement.  An educational evaluation will include assessment of current academic achievement, observation documenting area of difficulty, medical information, social and developmental history, assessment of progress in general education curriculum that includes interventions and any other assessments necessary to determine eligibility or services.

Exclusionary factors should be considered before making identification such as if the primary disability is visual, hearing, motor, cognitive and emotional disability, cultural factors, environmental or economic disadvantage, limited English proficiency or lack of appropriate instruction.  Programming will focus on remediation of student’s areas of weaknesses to achieve their full potential.  Services may range from consultation to direct instruction in co-taught classes and/or the resource room.  Co-taught classes are defined as a general education teacher and a special education teacher planning lessons according to the general education curriculum and IEP needs of the students in the class.  The class enrollment is made up of students with and without disabilities.  Related services, accommodation and modifications may be provided to support the student’s needs as determined appropriate in the IEP.